Importance of Immunization

30 October, 2017

As a parent, you want to give your child a healthy start in life. Getting your child vaccinated is one of your first big parental decisions.
Vaccinations not only protect children from developing serious diseases but also protect the community by reducing the spread of infectious disease.
Infectious diseases spread from person to person. If enough people are immunized, the disease may not be transmitted through a population, thus protecting everyone.

Getting immunized is important for at least two reasons: to protect yourself and to protect those around you. Vaccines are the best way we have to prevent infectious disease.
Vaccinations prevent you or your child from getting diseases for which there are often no medical treatments. These illnesses can result in serious complications and even death.If exposure to a disease occurs in a community, there is little to no risk of an epidemic if people have been immunized.

Parents should consult their doctors about which vaccines their children should have and when. Keep track of your children's immunizations yourself. You will be asked for these records when the child enrolls in school and throughout the child's school career.
Unfortunately, there’s a lot of confusing and conflicting information out there. So it’s important to question what you read and hear – and check where it came from. We want you to know the facts. The injection process for childhood vaccinations may sometimes be distressing for parents.

Download the vaccination chart and learn the importance of various vaccination

1. BCG

  • The BCG vaccine protects against tuberculosis, which is also known as TB.
  • TB is a serious infection which affects the lungs and sometimes other parts of the body, such as the bones, joints, and kidneys.
  • The vaccine is given by injection into the skin. It may also be used in the treatment of some types of bladder cancers.Serious side effects are rare.Often there is redness, swelling, and mild pain at the site of injection.

2. OPV

  • Oral Polio vaccine prevents the child from polio infections, total Oral Polio vaccine dose provided to child through routine immunization. Oral Polio dose provided free of cost by all Govt. health centers and Aaganwadi center during VHND/ immunization day
  • Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio). There are two types: one that uses inactivated poliovirus and is given by injection (IPV)

3.Hepatitis B

  • A hepatitis B vaccine has been available to prevent hepatitis B virus infection.
  • The vaccination is a very safe and effective immunization against a viral infection that can lead to liver inflammation, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
  • The vaccine is given in a series of three intramuscular doses, the second vaccine is administered 30 days after the first, and the third application is administered six a months after the first injection.

4. Hepatitis A

  • Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by a virus. The virus is found in the feces (poop) of infected people.
  • The hepatitis A virus is spread when invisible particles of feces (poop) get into your mouth. You can get hepatitis A by eating contaminated food or water, during sex, or just by living with an infected person.
  • If you get infected with hepatitis A, your skin and eyes can turn yellow. You can get very sick for weeks and may need to be hospitalized, and even die. Some people don't feel sick, but they can still spread the virus to others.
  • Vaccination is the best way to prevent hepatitis A.

5. DTP

  • DTP vaccination is probably the very first one which is given to babies. This is the vaccination against diseases like Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP). Tetanus is basically a fatal disease and the most frightening fact about it is that it can act really quickly and kill the patient even before the body can respond naturally to the virus.
  • Tetanus has high chances of occurring in the baby whose mother was not DTP vaccinated.

6. Rotavirus

  • - Rotavirus is a virus that causes gastroenteritis, an infection of the intestines. The infection damages the inner lining of the intestine and as a result, food passes through with little or no nutrients being absorbed by the body.
  • The Rotavirus vaccine is given orally unlike other vaccines that are given intravenously.

7. MMR

  • The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine are recommended for all children. It protects against three potentially serious illnesses. It is a two-part vaccination, and in most states, you must prove your children have gotten it before they can enter school.
  • If you are an adult who has not had the vaccination or the diseases, you may need the MMR shot, too.

8. PCV

  • This vaccine protects against pneumococcal infections, which mostly happen in children younger than age 5 and can lead to some dangerous childhood diseases.
  • The germs responsible for pneumococcal are bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae. These germs can cause an infection in the respiratory tract, middle ear, or sinus cavities.

9. Varicella

  • Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever.
  • Two doses of the vaccine are about 90% effective at preventing chickenpox. When you get vaccinated, you protect yourself and others in your community. This is especially important for people who cannot get vaccinated, such as those with weakened immune systems or pregnant women.

10. HPV

  • A vaccine is available to prevent the human papillomavirus (HPV) types that cause most cervical cancers as well as some cancers of the anus, vulva.
  • Genital HPV is a common virus that is passed from one person to another through direct skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. Most sexually active people will get HPV at some time in their lives, though most will never even know it.
  • HPV infection is most common in people in their late teens and early 20s. There are about 40 types of HPV that can infect the genital areas of men and women.